Coronary Artery Disease Specialist

South Orange Avenue Medical Associates

Internal Medicine & Interventional Cardiology located in South Orange, NJ, East Orange, NJ, & Newark, NJ

Coronary artery disease is the most common type of heart disease and kills nearly 400,000 Americans every year. It’s also something you may be able to prevent. The experienced team at South Orange Avenue Medical Associates in South Orange, New Jersey, specializes in the diagnosis and management of coronary artery disease. To schedule a consultation, call the office today.

Coronary Artery Disease

What is coronary artery disease?

Coronary artery disease is a type of heart disease in which the blood vessels that supply your heart with oxygen-rich blood are damaged or diseased. Plaque and inflammation are the most common cause of blood vessel damage. 

Plaque forms when cholesterol and other substances in your blood combine and stick to the walls of your blood vessels. Over time, the buildup causes your blood vessels to narrow and stiffen. 

You can’t feel these changes in your blood vessels as they occur, but as the passageway narrows, your heart may no longer get enough oxygen-rich blood, which can lead to chest pain, medically referred to as angina. A full blockage of the blood vessel can cause a heart attack.


What are coronary artery disease risk factors?

Your lifestyle may play a significant role in the development of coronary artery disease. It’s even believed that the damage to the blood vessels may begin during childhood. Risk factors of coronary artery disease include:

  • Poor diet choices
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Smoking
  • High blood cholesterol
  • High blood pressure

A history of diabetes or insulin resistance may also increase your risk of coronary artery disease. 


How is coronary artery disease diagnosed?

The cardiac experts at South Orange Avenue Medical Associates conduct comprehensive examinations when you come to the office with concerns about your heart. During your examination, the team reviews your medical and family history, lifestyle, and symptoms, if any. They also complete a physical exam to assess overall health.

To further evaluate your heart and confirm a diagnosis of coronary artery disease, the team at South Orange Avenue Medical Associates may recommend a noninvasive cardiac test such as an echocardiogram, electrocardiogram (EKG), or cardiac stress test. Blood work may also be ordered to screen for other risk factors, such as high cholesterol and diabetes.


What are the treatments for coronary artery disease?

If you’re diagnosed with coronary artery disease, the team at South Orange Avenue Medical Associates develop a personalized treatment plan to help you manage and improve your heart health. Lifestyle modification is one of the most important aspects of the plan and may include a healthy diet plan, an exercise program, and smoking cessation.

If needed, the team may also prescribe medication to help you gain control over any underlying health condition that may affect heart health, such as medication for high cholesterol or diabetes. 

If the blockage in your blood vessels is severe, surgery may be recommended.

For comprehensive care of all your medical needs, including your heart, contact South Orange Avenue Medical Associates by phone today.